Three most important things that will assure success for State DOTs
wanting to getting started with native plants for roadsides

The Reveg Edge, Box 609, Redwood City, CA 94064 (650) 325-7333
Copyright © 2001 by Craig Dremann, research and co-owner

There are at least three critical things that any State DOT needs to have in place to have success with native plants for roadsides:

1.) A place within the State that can reproduce small quantities of locally-collected native seeds. This could be a commercial native seed grower, or a government-run nursery, or even a seed-growing program that you manage between your agency and local farmers. The reason for this is that even in states that already have native seed producers, on average they are only making available in bulk seed form 2% of the species that exist in any state. You will ultimately find that the native seeds you need for your state's roadsides are not commercially available in bulk seed form, nor will the seeds you need become available unless you put money into that seed becoming available.

2.) A botanist within the agency in charge of the roadside native plant program.

3.) A minimum annual budget for Research and Development of roadside native plants, test plots, experiments, and commercial seed production.
(Alaska is not part of the list, because so little is know about the costs of developing native plants for the far north). The minimum per state per year is listed below, based on the levels currently spent on the successes in the Midwest: (millions of dollars)

Alabama....... $10
Arizona........ 22
Arkansas....... 10
California..... 32
Colorado....... 20
Connecticut..... 1
Delaware........ 1
Florida........ 10
Georgia........ 12
Hawai'i......... 2
Idaho.......... 16
Illinois....... 12
Indiana......... 8
Iowa............12
Kansas..........16
Kentucky........ 8
Louisiana...... 10
Maine........... 6
Maryland........ 2
Massachusetts... 2
Michigan....... 12
Minnesota...... 16
Mississippi..... 8
Missouri....... 14
Montana........ 30
Nebraska....... 16
Nevada......... 22
New Hampshire... 2
New Jersey...... 2
New Mexico..... 24
New York....... 10
North Carolina. 10
North Dakota... 14
Ohio............ 8
Oklahoma....... 14
Oregon......... 20
Pennsylvania.... 9
Rhode Island.... 1
South Carolina.. 6
South Dakota... 16
Tennessee....... 8
Texas.......... 50
Utah........... 16
Vermont......... 2
Virginia........ 8
Washington..... 14
West Virginia... 5
Wisconsin...... 10
Wyoming........ 20